This book analyzes debates and contestations about the United Nations Peacebuilding Architecture (UN PBA) in order to clarify its character and future. The book finds as legitimate a concern that the PBC has yet to become an effective player in peacebuilding. Despite being a new UN organ, PBA led by the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) seems to display behaviours that are assumed in the modernization theory. This book analyses the PBA, Imperialism and Peacebuilding discourses and formally introduces a new 'burden sharing scheme' concept as some of its key arguments. It also assesses the above-mentioned key issues and how they play out together in Africa. It reveals that the PBC has added value in securing resources for quick impact projects that have been important in all four countries on the Commission's agenda. The PBC has a broad and vague approach to the concept of peacebuilding: a very specific and political enterprise. Therefore, it is the worry of this work that the PBC focuses exclusively on financing and the fear of this author is that the PBC has just become another donor forum ('burden sharing scheme' as this author calls it) by former colonialists.