With new technologies and new modes of communication comes a new order. The samba school, a gathering of amateur musicians who play Brazilian based percussion, has now become a global phenomenon that has resulted in a resurgence of music in the community throughout the developed world. With the popularity of samba many music teachers and education departments have begun to incorporate samba into their work. This book tells the account of two case studies, in England and New Zealand, where music education students went into schools to teach samba. The results of the experience led many of the students not only to rate samba as a great experience but to question their own concept of music and teaching in schools. This book grew from interviews with the university students about their samba making, to become an in depth examination of currently held beliefs in music education. This has led to the orgination of an approach to music based on the work of Nietzsche and Heidegger that is explored in this book. This text will be of interest to music graduates, teachers and music education and lecturers at university level.