In terms of section 152(1)(a) of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996. Local Government should provide democratic and accountable service to local communities. Therefore, elected representatives and municipal officials must be accountable for their actions. This book investigates the influence of public participation in enhancing the accountability of ward councillors in Local Government. In order to achieve the goal of this study and to test the hypothesis, it was essential to review literature on the accountability of ward councillors and public participation in local government. The major findings of the study, inter alia, are that ward councillors give feedback to their constituencies. Ward committees are instrumental in encouraging members of the public to attending these meetings. The most popular forum for public participation is the Independent Development Planning (IDP). It was established that approachability, accessibility and visibility of both ward councillors and ward committees in the community enhance public participation.