This book is Based on carefully researched interwoven factors which brings out the plight of the elderly women in Uganda who are not able to provide for their basic social needs but are left to fend for themselves; yet in most cases are widowed and looking after orphans. This population who are growing both in number and proportion do not have any social insurance from government but have to depend on their older children.This is not possible because of increased morbidity and mortality of prime-aged adults caused by HIV/AIDS. The shift from the traditional extended family structure that for long over decades has been the safety nets for the elderly which is slowly giving way to the nuclear structure,has had wide ranging socio-economic impacts on both urban and rural elderly irrespective of gender. The elderly are forced to adopt some livelihood coping strategies such as casual laboring such as fetching water,crushing stones,hand craft making, gardening, baby sitting among others rewarded with little cash or food. However,this is challenging because of their limited physical energy and visual impairments.