As Walter Lippmann once said, 'social documentary encourages social improvement. Its mildest goal is the public education'. The present book investigates possibilities and potential of documentaries, film and television as a catalyst for social change. The book is a chronological history of visual media, particularly films and documentaries. It covers the global visual history of social issues, right from the beginning to new era of new media technology. The first chapter investigates how film and documentary raised the human rights issues in different time periods of visual history at global level. However, the second chapter of the book, as a case, focuses the visual media history of Australia, in relation to social development and awareness. For that reason, this book is highly recommended to university students, professionals, academicians and researchers in journalism and mass communication, film, television, radio, anthropology, sociology, media and new media studies and community development discipline.