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- KurzbeschreibungIm Kongo findet einer der größten Blauhelmeinsätze der UN statt. Seit 1996 ringen dort die Armeen mehrerer afrikanischer Länder und Dutzende bewaffnete Gruppen um die Macht. Am Beispiel des Distrikts Ituri untersucht Alex Veit die Mikropolitik von Krieg und humanitärer Intervention. Er zeigt, warum die historisch gewachsene Machtstruktur von den internationalen Helfern, trotz ihrer reformerischen Absichten, nicht überwunden werden kann.
- AutorAlex Veit
- SerieMikropolitik der Gewalt
- VerlagCampus Verlag
- Seiten300 Seiten
- Gewicht395 g
- LeseprobeConflict and Intervention in a Local Space: The Case of Ituri<br>Civil war and civil peace do not take place in conference rooms or presidential offices alone, but in concrete social encounters. While high politics impact on local interactions and relationships, the study of these phenomena is most fruitful in a context in which international, national, and local arenas intertwine. Ituri constitutes such a political space and thus provides manifold hints and insights into the politics of civil war, intervention, and statebuilding. Ituri's conflict presents many particular and specific conundrums. Its distinct value as a case study derives both from the many characteristics it shares with other regions and armed conflicts in the Global South, thus the similarities it posits, and from its exceptional significance as a laboratory of intervention in an African civil war. This single-case study can not cover the entire spectrum of humanitarian military interventions. But the findings on both these specific aspects and similarities with other cases allow some further reaching conclusions on the relationships between armed groups and international interventions, as well as on externally steered statebuilding projects after civil war. <br>The war in Ituri was a prototypical armed conflict in a so-called failed state. It connected local political conflict to wider processes of political reconfiguration in the Congo and geo-strategic warfare between states in the Great Lakes region. Besides these political aspects, the warring parties were regularly suspected of pursuing purely economic agendas. The Ituri conflict developed in the shadow of the Congo Wars, during the occupation of the district by the Ugandan army from 1998 to 2003. Together with their then Rwandan allies, the neighboring country supported the formation of Congolese armed groups employed in conflicts against the Congolese government and to administer the occupied territories. Out of these major rebellions, most of Ituri's smaller militias defected. About a dozen local armed groups have since fought in Ituri, some of whom were defined along ethnic lines. Given the extreme forms of violence used, especially against civilians, external observers expressed fears, at times, regarding genocidal discourses and practices. Most of these armed formations, however, did not exist in a congruent form for more than a few years, had mostly weak internal hierarchies, and failed to control the district in a sustained manner for longer periods. The reasons for their formation, besides Ugandan instigation, were several local and national disputes reaching back over decades, but radicalized during the Congo Wars, and the proliferation of political violence
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