International Studies in Demography: Worlds in Motion : Understanding International Migration at the End of the Millennium by Adela Pellegrino, Joaquin Arango, Douglas S. Massey, Graeme Hugo and Ali Kouaouci (1999, Hardcover)
At the end of the 20th century nearly all developed nations have become countries of immigration, absorbing growing numbers of immigrants not only from developed regions, byt increasingly from developing nations of the Third World. Although international migration has come to play a central role in the social, economic, and demographic dynamics of both immigrant-sending and immigrant-receiving countries, social scientist have been slow to construct a comprehensive theory to explain it. Efforts at theoretical explanation have been fragmented by disciplinary, geographic, and methodological boudaries. Worlds in Motion seeks to overcome these schisms to create a comprehensive theory of international migration for the next century. After explicating the various propositions and hypotheses of current theories, and identifying area of complementarity and conflict, the authors review empirical research emanting from each of the world's principal international migration systems: North America, Western Europe, the Gulf, Asia and the Pacific, and the Southern Cone of South America. Using data from the 1980s, levels and patterns of migration within each system are described to define their structure and organization. Specific studies are then comprehensively surveyed to evaluate the fundamental propositions of neoclassical economics, the new economics of labour migration, segmented labour market theory, world systems theory, social capital theory, and the theory of cumulative causation. The various theories are also tested by applying them to the relationship between international migration and economic development. Although certain theories seem to function more effectively in certain systems, all contain elements of truth supported by empirical research. The task of the theorist is thus to identify which theories are most effective in accounting for international migration in the world today, and what regional and national circumstances lead to a predominanceof one theoretical mechanism over another. The book concludes by offering an empirically-grounded theoretical synthesis to serve as a guide for researchers and policy-makers in the 21st century.
By applying systematic theoretical frameworks to detailed empirical data,Worlds in Motionprovides a unique overview of not only where migration occurs, and how it works, but crucially details the major factors that influence international population movement.
Adela Pellegrino, Ali Kouaouci, Douglas S. Massey, Graeme Hugo, Joaquin Arango
Number Of Pages
International Studies in Demography
Oxford University Press, Incorporated
LC Classification Number
Table Of Content
1. New Migrations, New Theories2. Contemporary Theories of International Migration3. Understanding the North American System4. Coming to Terms with European Immigration5. Labour Migration in the Gulf System6. Theory and Reality in the Gulf System7. International Migration in South America8. International Migration and National Development910. Conclusions for the Next CenturyReferencesIndex
'An extremely useful volume... Worlds in Motion displays some of the best features of migration studies.'Nicholas Van Hear, Journal of Refugee Studies Vol. 12, No.4
'The discussion of four major theoretical traditions associated with the initiation of a migration flow. ... is intelligent and persuasive. ... The analytical treatment of the selected regions is useful and generally enhances one's understanding of the migration processes in each. ... Theauthors speculations are refreshingly forward-looking and worth reflecting upon regardless of one's predispositions toward theory. ... the language is direct, the theoretical discussion eschews unnecessary jargon, neologisms are kept to a minimum, and the extensive summaries of the relevant bodiesof literature are cogent. ... the volume is useful as a single source where many of the most influential migration theories are treated with clarity. ...those interested in having a well-organized and analytically valuable thumbnail sketch of the migration subsystems in five world regions will findplenty to chew on.'Demetrios G. Papademetriou, Population and Development Review, Vol 26, no.1
'This book is an invaluable contribution to the scientific research literature on international migration. ... exemplifies international scientific cooperation as its best. ... The initial theoretical review chapter ... is exemplary by its breadth and clarity of exposition. ... This is a mustbook for researchers of immigration and for courses on this topic.'Alejandro Portes, Princeton University, IMR Vol 34