In the textbook in a concise and compact form set out a full course on biological resources. Discusses the biological resources of Land, biomass, structure, biomass, phytomass, zoomass, bioproductivity, mass and structure of biological resources, biomass and productivity of the biosphere, human security bioresources calculation of biological resources per capita, renewable natural resources, genetic resources. In this book the main attention is paid to the biological resources of Kazakhstan, namely fish resources amphibians, resources reptiles, resources of birds, resources animalis. The book contains annotation systematic list of all 500 species of birds and 181 species of mammals inhabiting the territory of Kazakhstan. Birds listed the subspecies status of stay in the Republic, distribution, number of clutches, nutrition, economic and environmental value. In mammals listed subspecies, lifestyle, distribution, diet, number of litters and the number of pups, economic and environmental value. At the end of the above cited references.