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- KurzbeschreibungPoliteness is one of the very important issues in the field of sociolinguistics and pragmatics, as it can be seen in almost every type of our interactions. Since the evolving of the politeness theory (Brown and Levinson 1978), cross-cultural pragmatics has gained the attention of many researchers in this field. However, the Arab society has been far less investigated. Therefore, this book widens the scope of cross-cultural pragmatics by investigating politeness in (Moroccan) Arabic and contrasting the behavior of Arab and German speakers with regard to one type of politeness, namely the speech act of greeting. Furthermore, the implications of this study for foreign language teaching and cross-cultural training indicate that politeness and face concerns in different cultures should be part of any learning process. Hopefully, besides being informative, especially to scholars from other fields of intercultural communication research, this study should contribute to raise the awareness of sociolinguists in particular with respect to the role of religion in shaping politeness in Arabic and to serious confusion and misunderstandings that may come into being, when communicators from different cultural backgrounds cannot identify the pragmatic (implicit or indirect) meaning of their interlocutor's utterance.
- AutorAbdelaziz Bouchara,Bouchra Qorchi
- VerlagAnchor Academic Publishing
- Seiten80 Seiten
- Gewicht153 g
- Leseprobe'Text sample:
Chapter 6 Discussion:
Now I come to the most important point, which is the interpretation of the use of religious lexicons. It is worth mentioning that, based on the data that we have analyzed so far, the use of religious expressions when responding to greetings appears to involve the question of fate and destiny in Islam. To inquire about the well-being of Moroccans (Muslims) implies that one is expected to thank God for His favors and blessings by reciting the Qur'an and at the same time we have in mind the fact that we are all at the mercy of God and that no matter how hard we try everything depends on God's will. This may sound self-defeating to non-Muslims to surrender one's will to the existing circumstances and thus to accuse Islam of being fatalistic. As noted above, all Muslims believe that God has knowledge of everything to come, but that humans have freedom of choice and are responsible for the actions they themselves intend to undertake. In this respect, Brown and Levinson put forward three elements that decide the extent of face's threat: The variables of social distance (D), power (P) and the degree of seriousness of the imposition ®. Religion is another factor that might influence the face's threat. The strategy of enacting religion is used to achieve the goal of being polite by means of religious vocabulary and giving religious praises. Due to Islamic Religion and culture's influences, Moroccans think highly of politeness and the harmonious relationships. As a result, religion as a politeness strategy seems to be the key point of their social behaviors.
It is significant to note, however, that religion as a politeness strategy constitutes part and parcel of Moroccans regardless of whether they are believers or not. For instance, the impact of the French linguistic invasion is still obvious in the speech behavior of the ruling elite and the upper class in Morocco. Among them we may find people who are completely assimilated into the French culture and reaching a native-like proficiency in French. They do not fast during Ramadan, although fasting is one of the Five Pillars of Islam. They are Muslims who do not necessarily perform their religious duties, which means they do not practice Islam. Nevertheless, they may, as has already been mentioned (see chapter 2), resort to the strategy of conversational swearing to give credit to their invitations and to achieve the pragmatic end of inviting which is to convince the invitee to accept the invitation. In doing so, one does not demonstrate necessarily his/her commitment to Islam as one's own religion, but is merely trying to be polite by enacting a religious lexicon
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