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Rural areas cover a large part of the European territory, representing its predominant form of landscape. Landscape preservation and rural development thus represent two cornerstones of European Union's sustainable development policies. The European Landscape Convention has been the first international treaty exclusively devoted to all aspects of landscape and landscape preservation is among the main objectives of the EU Rural Development Policy, the second pillar of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). However, traditionally landscape preservation and rural development have been considered separately. For too long, rural development measures have been designed with a sectoral approach conceiving agriculture mainly as an economic activity. By the same fashion, landscape and territorial planning have not paid adequate attention to the specific needs of agriculture and farmers in designing preservation and valorization policies and plans. The new challenges posed by the European Union's sustainability objectives towards 2020 require policy makers and scholars to seek for a deeper and informed integration between these two domains. This is particularly true following the recent reform of the CAP, within which the crucial role of agriculture as provider of environmental public goods and services - including landscape - is recognized and fostered.
This book aims to contribute to this debate in view of the implementation of the new EU rural development policy for the period 2014-2020 by highlighting the key issues at stake and the possibilities for synergies with landscape planning and policies. Case studies from different rural contexts and landscapes are provided, illustrating tools and options to make the advocated integration operational. Through practical examples, a variety of aspects and tools are presented, including: 1) the use of visual assessment techniques to support landscape planning in rural areas; 2) participative applications of landscape assessment techniques in peri-urban areas; 3) multi-scale approaches to landscape management in Alpine areas; 4) application of landscape economic evaluation to foster rural development strategies.
Recommendations and guidance to policy making ensuing from practice are proposed.
- HerausgaberBragagnolo Chiara,Carlo Rega,Claudia Cassatella,Marta Bottero,Rinaldo Grittani
- SerieSpringerBriefs in Geography
- Seiten147 Seiten
- Gewicht260 g
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